From: "karma" <email@example.com>
Sent: Thursday, April 16, 2009 9:46 PM
To: "impeachbush" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: [Impeach Bush] US Envoy Writes Of Israeli Threats
> By Barbara Crossette
> March 31, 2009
> In the wake of the accusation by Chas Freeman that his nomination to
> lead the National Intelligence Council was derailed by an "Israeli
> lobby," a forthcoming memoir by another distinguished ambassador adds
> stunning new charges to the debate. The ambassador, John Gunther Dean,
> writes that over the years he not only came under pressure from
> pro-Israeli groups and officials in Washington but also was the target
> of an Israeli-inspired assassination attempt in 1980 in Lebanon, where
> he had opened links to the Palestine Liberation Organization.
> Dean's suspicions that Israeli agents may have also been involved in the
> mysterious plane crash in 1988 that killed Pakistan's president, General
> Mohammed Zia ul Haq, led finally to a decision in Washington to declare
> him mentally unfit, which forced his resignation from the foreign
> service after a thirty-year career. After he left public service, he was
> rehabilitated by the State Department, given a distinguished service
> medal and eventually encouraged to write his memoirs. Now 82, Dean sees
> the subsequent positive attention he has received as proof that the
> insanity charge (he calls it Stalinist) was phony, a supposition later
> confirmed by a former head of the department's medical service.
> Dean, whose memoir is titled "Danger Zones: A Diplomat's Fight for
> America's Interests," was American ambassador in Lebanon in August 1980
> when a three-car convoy carrying him and his family was attacked near
> "I was the target of an assassination attempt by terrorists using
> automatic rifles and antitank weapons that had been made in the United
> States and shipped to Israel," he wrote. "Weapons financed and given by
> the United States to Israel were used in an attempt to kill an American
> diplomat!" After the event, conspiracy theories abounded in the Middle
> East about who could have planned the attack, and why. Lebanon was a
> dangerously factionalized country.
> The State Department investigated, Dean said, but he was never told what
> the conclusion was. He wrote that he "worked the telephone for three
> weeks" and met only official silence in Washington. By then Dean had
> learned from weapons experts in the United States and Lebanon that the
> guns and ammunition used in the attack had been given by Israelis to a
> Christian militia allied with them.
> "I know as surely as I know anything that Mossad, the Israeli
> intelligence agency, was somehow involved in the attack," Dean wrote,
> describing how he had been under sharp criticism from Israeli
> politicians and media for his contacts with Palestinians. "Undoubtedly
> using a proxy, our ally Israel had tried to kill me."
> Dean's memoir, to be published in May for the Association for Diplomatic
> Studies and Training Memoir Series by New Academia Publishing under its
> Vellum imprint, has been read and approved for publication by the State
> Department with only very minor changes, none affecting Dean's major
> points. Its underlying theme is that American diplomacy should be
> pursued in American interests, not those of another country, however
> friendly. A Jew whose family fled the Holocaust, Dean resented what he
> saw as an assumption, including by some in Congress, that he would
> promote Israel's interests in his ambassadorial work.
> Dean, a fluent French speaker who began his long diplomatic career
> opening American missions in newly independent West African nations in
> the early 1960s, served later in Vietnam (where he described himself as
> a "loyal dissenter") and was ambassador in Cambodia (where he carried
> out the American flag as the Khmer Rouge advanced), Denmark, Lebanon,
> Thailand (where Chas Freeman was his deputy) and India. He takes credit
> for averting bloodshed in Laos in the 1970s by negotiating a coalition
> government shared by communist and noncommunist parties.
> He was sometimes a disputatious diplomat not afraid to contradict
> superiors, and he often took--and still holds--contrarian views. He
> always believed, for example, that the United States should have
> attempted to negotiate with the Khmer Rouge rather than let the country
> be overrun by their brutal horror.
> As ambassador in India in the 1980s he supported then-Prime Minister
> Rajiv Gandhi's policy of seeking some kind of neutral coalition in
> Afghanistan that would keep the American- and Pakistani-armed mujahedeen
> from establishing a fundamentalist Islamic state. For several years
> after the Soviet withdrawal, India continued to back Najibullah, a
> thuggish communist security chief whom the retreating Soviet troops left
> behind. After the mujahedeen moved toward Kabul, Najibullah refused a
> United Nations offer of safe passage to India. He was slaughtered and
> left hanging on a lamppost.
> It was in the midst of this Soviet endgame in Afghanistan that Dean fell
> afoul of the State Department for the last time. After the death of
> General Zia in August 1988, in a plane crash that also killed the
> American ambassador in Pakistan, Arnold Raphel, Dean was told in New
> Delhi by high-ranking officials that Mossad was a possible instigator of
> the accident, in which the plane's pilot and co-pilot were apparently
> disabled or otherwise lost control. There was also some suspicion that
> elements of India's Research and Analysis Wing, its equivalent of the
> CIA, may have played a part. India and Israel were alarmed by Pakistan's
> work on a nuclear weapon--the "Islamic bomb."
> Dean was so concerned about these reports, and the attempt by the State
> Department to block a full FBI investigation of the crash in Pakistan,
> that he decided to return to Washington for direct consultations.
> Instead of the meetings he was promised, he was told his service in
> India was over. He was sent into virtual house arrest in Switzerland at
> a home belonging to the family of his French wife, Martine Duphenieux.
> Six weeks later, he was allowed to return to New Delhi to pack his
> belongings and return to Washington, where he resigned.
> Suddenly his health record was cleared and his security clearance
> restored. He was presented with the Distinguished Service Award and
> received a warm letter of praise from Secretary of State George Shultz.
> "Years later," he wrote in his memoir, "I learned who had ordered the
> bogus diagnosis of mental incapacity against me. It was the same man who
> had so effusively praised me once I was gone--George Shultz."
> Asked in a telephone conversation last week from his home in Paris why
> Shultz had done this to him, Dean would say only, "He was forced to."
> About Barbara Crossette
> Barbara Crossette, United Nations correspondent for The Nation, is a
> former New York Times correspondent and bureau chief in Asia and at the
> She is the author of So Close to Heaven: The Vanishing Buddhist Kingdoms
> of the Himalayas, published by Alfred A. Knopf in 1995 and in paperback
> by Random House/Vintage Destinations in 1996, and a collection of travel
> essays about colonial resort towns that are still attracting visitors
> more than a century after their creation, The Great Hill Stations of
> Asia, published by Westview Press in 1998 and in paperback by Basic
> Books in 1999. In 2000, she wrote a survey of India and Indian-American
> relations, India: Old Civilization in a New World, for the Foreign
> Policy Association in New York. She is also the author of India Facing
> the 21st Century, published by Indiana University Press in 1993.